The Exact origin of the symbol is unknown, yet this is one symbol that combines Islamic, Christian and Jewish Beliefs. It is often referred to as the universal symbol of protection.

 Many people believe,especially the ones who have travelled to Turkey or Middle East, that the symbol is of Islamic origin. Khamsa is not an Islamic Ideology but believed to be derived from cultural and customs potraying Islam.

 The “evil eye” was a common belief in ancient Egypt and they used amulets to protect themselves against it. Egyptians saw it as the symbol of Tanit, the main Goddess of the Phoenicians. The origin of the amulet goes back to Mesopotamia where they wrote about such an ornament to protect themselves from the “evil eye” on clay tablets. Similar amulets to protect against the evil eye are actually found worldwide, and some believe may have originated in the Paleolithic age. Even Stone Age caves and rocks depict paintings of hands on their entrance.

Khomsah among the Jews

In Jewish tradition, it is referred to as the Hand of Miriam (the sister of Moses(pbuh.)). It is in Hebrew script, with an eye or fish which symbolises good luck. The Jewish refer the symbol as Hamesh, meaning “five” in Hebrew, and they believe it represents the five books of the Torah and the five fingers remind them to use all five senses to praise God.

Khomsah among Muslims

 The symbol is referred by the Muslims as the Hand of Fatima (PBUH) (the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH.)or the Eye of Fatima (PBUH). It is believed to be used to point to the Five Pillars of Islam. Or amongst the Shi’ite Islam, it represents 5 holy people (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Hajrat Ali (PBUH), Hazrat Fatima (PBUH), Hajrat Hasan (PBUH), Hajrat Husayn (PBUH)). The Khamsa may be seen either as an eye in the centre of the palm, or a stylised eye or as a dot or a jewel, which represents the Eye of Fatima (PBUH) as the all-seeing eye of God.

Khomsah among Christians

Levantine Christians call it the hand of Mary, for the mother of Jesus (PBUH). Like Muslims, Christians believe that the symbol protects them from ”evil eye” and is a bearer of good fortune.